The District has extreme climate in
summer which is hot and moderate in winter. The network of canals and
general sub-mersion of soil during the summer add moisture to the heat.
The heat continues up to the middle of October after which night become
cool and the day temperature also begins to recede. The District being
situated for away from the sea , is devoid of sea breeze.
The mean maximum and minimum temperature in summer season is
approximately 43 C and 33 C while that of the winter season 21 C & 11 C
respectively. The average annual rainfall is about 100 to 125
millimeters per year. Dust storms are common and hot winds blow
continuously for about 40 days around the middle of May every year.
The chief natural Forest threes are the babul (acacia arabica) , bahan (populuseuphratica)
, Kandi (prosopopis specigera ), siras (mimosa sirissa) , papal (ficus
religiosa). Besides the above tree species , the exotic species such as
amaltas , gulmohar , kachnar , toot , eucalyptus, popular and simal have
also been planted recently in the irrigated plantation of Larkana Forest
The district some times bach was rich in wild life. The Himalayan black
bear (Urus torqualus) was found on the heights of Khirthar range. One
was shot near kute-ji-kabar in 1902 by Mr. W.H Lucas . Collector of
Larkana. The smallest if Indian wild sheep, the “ Orial” (ovis vignei)
best known is Sindh by “Gad” was also found on the Khirthar range
besides other wild folks. With the colonization of the area the wild
folks gradually diminished and / or disappeared . at present hyaena
(hyena striata), jackal (canis palfipes) arte still found. Among the
birds eagle (aquila rapax ridhiana), hawak (accipiter badius cenchrodies),
kite (milvus migrans govinda) , parrot (paleornis torquata) , partridge
( fvancolines pondocerarianus mecranesis) common crow (corvidae
splendens) and several varities of water-fowls are still found.
The total area under forest is about 25532 hectares. Some of the
important forest are Salihani, Agani, Nauabad, Amrote , Keti Chandka ,
Khuhra , Madeji , Khokhar , Tajudero , Visar , Adamji , Sharifpur , Dasu
, Behman , Hassan Wahan , Gajidero , Abrepota , Beli Gaji , Bagi ,
Shahbeg , Gangherko , and Tatri